European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) is back again to start the second phase of the world’s largest scientific experiment yet with the world’s most complex machine till date i.e. The Large Hadron Collider.
The scientist in the first phase of the experiment (2010-2013) with the Particle Accelerator i.e. The Large Hadron Collider has been successfully discovered existence of The God’s Particle or Higgs Boson. The discovery of God’s Particle or Higgs Particle is the proof of the 1960s theory of standard model of particle physics.
The data, recorded during the first phase of LHC experiment (2010-2013), was enough to fill around 300,000 DVDs.
The world’s largest scientific facility was shut down in 2013 after the successful first phase. After two years of maintenance, up gradation and re-commissioning of the large hadron collider, the facility has been now open to run the phase two.
The phase 2 targets to solve some mysteries of the universe. This includes; discovering of extra dimensions in space that features in many theories of physics, domination of dark matter in the space, imbalance of anti-matter & matter and parallel universe.
Scientists also hope to test the theory of “supersymmetry”. Supersymmetry predicts that every known particle has a more massive hidden partner.
The experiment will be called as ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment). The upgraded Hadron Collider is now capable to run the experiment with 13 TeV (trillion electron volts) which is double the energy of its previous version. This is greater than the energy occur millions of times a day in the earth’s atmosphere.
Most of you probably unable to understand the science behind all this but there is no reason not to take interest in the largest ever scientific experiment with the world’s largest machine that mankind ever witnessed and that’s fascinating.
The LHC is a giant burrow-shaped machine buried near Geneva, under the border between Switzerland and France. The LHC was built by CERN (European Organization of Nuclear Research) with the help of 10,000 Scientists and Engineers from 100 countries during 1998-2008.
LHC costs £3.74 billion. With 17 miles of circumference, LHC smashes protons into each other with the speed nearly equal to the speed of light. The beam of protons travels in opposite directions completes 11,000 revolutions per second in the 17 miles circumference Ring-Tunnel. The results of the collision then recorded and monitored by scientists. It is said that the collision of proton should be perfect in order to analyze the results.
Some myths were also associated with the first phase and that is when the LHC starts the world will end due to the gigantic amount of atomic energy. But nothing happened, it was absolutely safe.
Scientists are excited and hopeful to explain the missing pieces of the puzzle that forms the truth about our universe. We are hopeful to hear some breakthrough in the cosmic physics. But whatever nature discloses, it will be unquestionably interesting.